Life of the Aztecs

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How do does the life of an Aztecs influenced todays modern life?


Contents

Content:

Aztec Empire.png

Everyone goes into the internet searching for information about the Aztec empire but most of the information that comes up is the history. I am here to give you the history but more: the daily life of an Aztec person and how they lived their lives. To start off, the aztecs had two main social classes, the macehualli or peasansts and the pilli or the nobels. This was the first society that required education for all its children, without regard of gender or social status. 20% of the population was dedicated to agriculture and food production. The other 80% of society were warriors, artists, and traders.


Cuisine: Their diet consists of maize, beans and squash to which were often added chilis, tomatoes, crickets, maguey worms, ants, larvae, etc. Insects have a higher protein content than meat. They had alcoholic beverages similar to beer, but it was forbidden to get drunk before the age of 60. After the Spanish conquest, some foods were outlawed, particularly amaranth because of its central role in religious rituals. There was less diversity of food which led to chronic malnutrition in the general population.


Recreation: The Aztecs daily Recreation sport was a ball game called tlachtli.The game was played with a ball of solid rubber, called an olli, whence derives the Spanish word for rubber, hule. The players hit the ball with their hips, knees, and elbows and had to pass the ball through a stone ring to automatically win. The Aztec variant of the Mesoamerican ballgame is the only one to be described in postcolonial sources, and not much is known about how other Mesoamerican peoples played the game.


Education: Until the age of fourteen, the education of children was in the hands of their parents, but supervised by the authorities. At 15, all boys and girls went to school. The Mexica, one of the Aztec groups, were one of the first people in the world to have mandatory education for nearly all children, regardless of gender, rank, or station. There were two types of schools: the telpochcalli, for practical and military studies, and the calmecac, for advanced learning in writing, astronomy, statesmanship, theology, and other areas. The two institutions seem to be common to the Nahua people, leading some experts to suggest that they are older than the Aztec culture.


Aztec Mask

Arts: Song and poetry were highly regarded; there were presentations and poetry contests at most of the Aztec festivals. There were also dramatic presentations that included players, musicians and acrobats.Poetry was the only occupation worthy of an Aztec warrior in times of peace. A remarkable amount of this poetry survives, having been collected during the era of the conquest. In some cases poetry is attributed to individual authors, such as Netzahualcoyotl, tlatoani of Texcoco, and Cuacuatzin, Lord of Tepechpan, but whether these attributions reflect actual authorship is a matter of opinion. Miguel León-Portilla, a well-respected Aztec scholar of Mexico, has stated that it is in this poetry where we can find the real thought of the Aztecs, independent of "official" Aztec ideology.


Transportation: The main contribution of the Aztec rule was a system of communications between the conquered cities. In Mesoamerica, without draft animals for transport, the roads were designed for travel on foot. Usually these roads were maintained through tribute, and travelers had places to rest and eat and even latrines to use at regular intervals, roughly every 10 or 15 km. Couriers were constantly travelling along those ways, keeping the Aztecs informed of events, and helping to monitor the integrity of the roads. Due to the steady surveillance, even women could travel alone, a fact that amazed the Spaniards, as that was not at all possible in Europe since the time of the Romans.

Example of money.

Economy: Money was used primarily in the many periodic markets that were held in each town. A typical town would have a weekly market, while larger cities held markets every day.Several types of money were in regular use. Small purchases were made with cacao beans, which had to be imported from lowland areas. In Aztec marketplaces, a small rabbit was worth 30 beans, a turkey egg cost 3 beans, and a tamale cost a single bean. For larger purchases, standardized lengths of cotton cloth called quachtli were used. There were different grades of quachtli, ranging in value from 65 to 300 cacao beans. One source stated that 20 quachtli could support a commoner for one year in Tenochtitlan.


Tribute and trade: Several pages from the Codex Mendoza list tributary towns along with the goods they supplied, which included not only luxuries such as feathers, adorned suits, and greenstone beads, but more practical goods such as cloth, firewood, and food. Tribute was usually paid twice or four times a year at differing times. On the positive side, the empire promoted commerce and trade, and exotic goods from obsidian to bronze managed to reach the houses of both commoners and nobles. Trade partners included the enemy Tarascan, a source of bronze tools and jewelry. On the negative side, imperial tribute imposed a burden on commoner households, who had to increase their work to pay their share of tribute. Nobles, on the other hand, often made out well under imperial rule because of the indirect nature of imperial organization. The empire had to rely on local kings and nobles and offered them privileges for their help in maintaining order and keeping the tribute flowing.

The king and towns people

Religion: The Aztec culture had rich and complex mythological and religious traditions, as well as reaching remarkable architectural and artistic accomplishments. The Aztec culture also practice of human sacrifice very regularly.

Summary

The Aztec life influenced todays modern world in many ways. They had a wide variety of medicines, trading methods, arts, and simple tasks such as cooking and sports. Their customs have been revised and are still used today. Many cultures have molded off of them, such a equality and fine arts.

Analysis

The Aztec infuenced todays life greatly. Aztec cutoms are still used in todays modern life. The Aztec were very independent. They all had jobs or went to school. The Aztec were the first society that required education for all its children, without regard of gender or social status. Which showed the modern world we are all equal. Other ways the influenced todays world is by their diet, recreation, their arts and trade.

Their diet consists of maize, beans and squash to which were often added chilis, tomatoes, crickets, maguey worms, ants, larvae, etc. Many rcepics are still used today and benifit us very well with the vitimins and nutrients it provides.

The Aztecs daily Recreation sport was a ball game called tlachtli. Today we have took this game and formed many ball games such as kick ball and football.

Song and poetry were highly regarded; there were presentations and poetry contests at most of the Aztec festivals. In their poetry where we can find the real thought of the Aztecs, independent of "official" Aztec ideology. This has anwered many of the question we have about their culture. Many of the plays and stories have been motified and are still being used today.

Many of the praticle things that were traded by the Aztec were how our world found out about them. Goods traded were feathers, adorned suits, and greenstone beads, but more practical goods such as cloth, firewood, and food. They had many goods that other places did not have. When trading came around this made the Aztec very wealthy.The king did keep order of trading, which made it diffcult because he took many of the good things for himself. Overall, many of todays basic goods were founded by the Aztec.


Conclusion

The Aztecs influenced todays life tremendously. This culture introduced many things that we use in todays modern life, such as and 365 day, 18 month caledar. Others way the influenced todays world was the medicine the created. They used many herbs, steam baths, and had many ways to cure injure, such as splints. The last way they influenced todays life by trade and farming. They were one of the only tribes to speak many differnet languages for trade and wood plows for farming. Everything that was introduced by the Aztecs has been more advanced in todays world.


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